Translations of the Heart Sutra

Please note that I’ve made no attempt to systematically collect translations – they don’t interest me very much in comparison to the text itself and offer very little illumination of the issues that concern me. These are among the few that I have referenced, usually to criticise the translation or some other aspect of the work

Two lists follow: alphabetical and chronological.

Alphabetical List

Beal, Samuel. (1865) The Paramita-hridaya Sutra. Or. The Great Paramita Heart Sutra. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No.2 Dec 1865, 25-28.

Conze, Edward. (1973). Perfect Wisdom: The Short Prajñāpāramitā Texts. Buddhist Publishing Group.

Conze, Edward. (1975). Buddhist Wisdom Books : Containing the Diamond Sūtra and the Heart Sūtra. 2nd Ed. London : George Allen & Unwin. First Ed. 1957.

Jones, Richard H. (2012) The Heart of Wisdom. Jackson Square Books.

Rulu (2011). ‘Sūtra of the Great Illumination Mantra of Mahā-Prajñā-Pāramitā.’ (T 250)Buddha Sūtras Mantras Sanskrit.

Tanahashi, Kazuki. (2014). The Heart Sutra: A Comprehensive Guide to the Classic of Mahayana Buddhism. Shambala.




Beal, S. The Paramita-hridaya Sutra. Or. The Great Paramita Heart Sutra. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No.2 Dec 1865, 25-28 {presented 1863}
“The text and commentary of Tai Teen [ca. 815 CE], which I have used were republished in 1850 by a scholar (Tau jin), named Woo Tsing Tseu.”

Beal, Samuel. A catena of Buddhist scriptures from the Chinese.

Müller, Max. Buddhist Texts from Japan. Clarendon Pres. Sanskrit

Edward Byles Cowell Buddhist Mahâyâna Texts. Clarendon Press,1935

Suzuki, DT. Manual of Zen Buddhism

Conze, Edward

D T Suzuki. Zen Essays. Series III

Conze. Buddhist Wisdom Books. Containing “The Diamond Sutra” and “The Heart Sutra.” George Allen & Unwin,

Luk, Charles. Bilingual Buddhist Series: Sutras & Scriptures; Vol. I. Kaohsiung, Taiwan: Fu Kuang Publisher, 1962.

Conze, E

Dwight Goddard Buddhist Bible.

Hsüan Hua. The Heart of Prajna Paramita Sutra, With Verses Without a Stand and Prose Commentary. San Francisco : The Buddhist Text Translation Society. 2nd ed 2002

Hurvitz, Leon. “Hsüan -tsang (602-664) and the Heart Scripture.” in Prajñāpāramitā and Related Systems: Studies in Honor of Edward Conze, ed. Lewis Lancaster, Berkeley Buddhist Studies Series No. 1, 103-21. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Rajneesh Osho. The heart sutra: discourses on the Prajnaparamita- hridayamsutra of Gautama the Buddha. Rajneesh Foundation

Geshe Rabten. Echoes of Voidness. Wisdom

Fox, Douglas A. Heart of Buddhist Wisdom: A Translation of the Heart Sutra With Historical Introduction and Commentary. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1985.

Kelsang Gyatso. Heart of wisdom : a commentary to the Heart Sutra 1st. Ed. Tharpa.

Lopez, Donald S., Jr. The Heart Sūtra Explained: Indian and Tibetan Commentaries. Albany: State University of New York Press,

Thich Nhat Hanh. The Heart of Understanding: Commentaries on the Prajñaparamita Heart Sutra. Berkeley: Parallax Press, 1988, 2009

Ron Edwards. The Heart Sutra.

Norman Waddell. Zen Words for the Heart: Hakuin’s Commentary on the Heart Sutra

Hixon, Lex. Mother of the Buddhas: Meditation on the Prajnaparamita Sutra. Wheaton: Quest Books.

Silk Jonathan A. The Heart Sutra in Tibetan. Wien Univ of Wien

Bokar (Rinpoche), Donyo (Kenpo.) Profound wisdom of the Heart Sutra: and other teachings.


The Dharma Fellowship of His Holiness the Gyalwa Karmapa. Tibetan/Sanskrit

Lopez, Donald S., Jr. Elaborations on Emptiness: Uses of the Heart Sūtra. New Jersey: Princeton University Press,

Waddell, Norman. Zen Words for the Heart: Hakuin’s Commentary on the Heart Sutra. Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala

Harischandra Kaviratna. ‘The Heart Sutra: Prajnaparamita-Hridaya-Sutra.’ Sunrise magazine, December 1996/January 1997. Theosophical University Press.

Buddhist Text Translation Society,

Gyatso, Kalsang. Heart of wisdom. 4th Ed. 2000,

Gelong Thubten Tsultrim (George Churinoff) originally 1999.

Shih, Heng-Ching. A Comprehensive Commentary on the Heart Sutra (Prajñāpāramitā-Hrdaya-Sūtra). In collaboration with Dan Lusthaus. Berkeley: Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, 2001.

Garchen Rinpoche, Oral Commentaries on the Heart Sutra in Relation to Shamatha and Vipassana Meditation And Seven Point Mind Training, San Francisco (San Francisco, Ratna Shri Sangha).

Shengyan, ‎Master Sheng Yen. There is No Suffering: A Commentary on the Heart Sutra.

Henry Chang. Introduction to the Heart Sutra: Buddha’s Essential Wisdom to Real.

Dalai Lama The Essence of the Heart Sutra: The Dalai Lama’s Heart of Wisdom Teachings. Boston: Wisdom Publications, includes a commentary by Jamyang Gawé Lodrö (1429-1503).


Tetsugen Bernard Glassman Infinite Circle: Teachings in Zen.

Geshe Sonam Rinchen Heart Sutra: An Oral Commentary

Pine, Red. The Heart Sutra: The Womb of the Buddhas.

Dalai Lama, Thupten Jinpa – Essence of the Heart Sutra: The Dalai Lama’s Heart of Wisdom Teachings.

McLeod, Ken. An Arrow to the Heart. Victoria, BC, Canada: Trafford.

Heather Hughes-Calero. Maticintin – The Heart Sutra

Geshe Tashi Tsering. Emptiness: The Foundation of Buddhist Thought.

Mu Soeng The Heart of the Universe: Exploring the Heart Sutra.

Albert Low. What am I?: The Heart Sutra for Everyone.

Karl Brunnholzl. The Heart Attack Sutra: A New Commentary

Kido Inoue Record of Traces and Dreams: The Heart Sutra.

Doosun Yoo. Thunderous Silence: A Formula For Ending Suffering: A Practical Guide to the Heart Sutra. Korean

S. R. Allen Heart Blossoms a Commentary and Analysis of the Exalted Mahayana on the Profound Perfection of Wisdom called the Heart Sutra.

Thich Nhat Hanh. New translation.

Tanahashi, Kazuaki. The Heart Sutra.

Osho. The Heart Sutra: Becoming a Buddha through Meditation. Osho International Foundation –

Kwan-Yuk Claire Sit. The Heart Sutra and Beyond: A Translation of The Heart Sutra with Commentary. Lindisfarne Books.

Jarry, Jacques. Hannya Shingyo, the most famous of the sutras in Japan, éd. ADANE, coll. Mémoires et travaux [French & English]

Karl Brunnholzl. The Heart Attack Sutra: A New Commentary on the Heart Sutra.

Stephanie Yung. The Heart Sutra: Chinese Worksheets for Meditation and Memorization. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Thich Nhat Hanh. The Other Shore: A New Translation of the Heart Sutra with Commentaries. Parallax Press.